9,500-year-old figurines of a ram and a wild bovine found at the Tel Moza archaeological site (Yael Yolovitch / The Israel Antiquities Authority)

9,500-Year-Old Figurines Found at Tel Moza

9,500-year-old figurines of a ram and a wild bovine found at the Tel Moza archaeological site (Yael Yolovitch / The Israel Antiquities Authority)
9,500-year-old figurines of a ram and a wild bovine found at the Tel Moza archaeological site (Yael Yolovitch / The Israel Antiquities Authority)

The figurines point to the presence of a cult faith in the region during the New Stone Age. Lucky statues may have been used to achieve a successful hunt.

Anna Eirikh of Israel works and Dr. Authority.

“The first figurine in the shape of a ram with twisted horns is made of limestone and is about 15 cm in size. The sculpture is extraordinary and fully depicts the details of the animal’s image; the head and horns protrude in front of the body, and its proportions are extremely accurate. The body was made smooth and the figurine legs were cut off to separate them from the rest of the body, ”he said.

“The second figurine, sculpted on hard-softened Dolomite, is an abstract design; it still appears to depict a large animal with prominent horns separating the long body from the head. The horns emerge from the middle of the head and resemble a wild cattle or Buffalo. ”

”The Pre-Pottery Neolithic b period (eighth millennium BC) is considered one of the most fascinating episodes in human history; there have been so many changes that shaped human society over thousands of years, ” he said.

“During this period, the transition from nomadism based on hunting and gathering to sedentary life based on agriculture and grazing began. At that time, humanity began to live in permanent settlements and began to build settlements that spread over a wide area. In many areas exposed in our area, remains were discovered, showing the preliminary architectural planning of the same settlements and complex engineering capabilities, including the construction of two-story houses. ”

“During this period, the process of domestication of animals and plants was accelerated. Archaeological evidence of Pre-Pottery Neolithic B, especially artistic objects such as figurines discovered at Tel Moza, tells us about the religious life, worship and beliefs of the Neolithic community. Other evidence on the subject has been obtained from the study of the tombs and burial traditions of the same prehistoric society. ”

“It is known that hunting was the most important activity during this period. Presumably the figurines served as good luck statues to ensure the success of the hunt, and could have been the focus of a traditional ceremony that hunters did before they took to the field to sustain their prey, ”he said.

Archaeology

Another theory, presented by archaeologist Anna Eirikh, links the statuettes to the process of animal domestication, such as wild cattle from Tel Moza and different species of wild goat.

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