Nan Madol: Archaeologists Uncover Earliest Evidence of Chiefdom in Pacific

Nan Madol, an ancient administrative and the former capital of the Micronesian island of Pohnpei, was the earliest among the Pacific islands to be ruled by a single chief, according to an international team of archaeologists. An ancient city built atop a coral reef, Nan Madol has been uninhabited for centuries now. Located in the northwestern Pacific […]

Massive Volcanic Eruptions Linked to Revolts in Ptolemaic Egypt

A Yale University-led study suggests that abrupt shifts in climate caused by massive volcanic eruptions helped to trigger poorly understood revolts — such as the great 20-year Theban revolt — and other political upheaval in Ptolemaic Egypt. Around 245 BC Ptolemy III, ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt, made a decision that still puzzles many historians — after […]