Archaeologists find Bronze Age tombs containing trove of gold artifacts

Archaeologists have discovered an engraved piece of jewelry and gold artefacts in two Bronze Age tombs that could shed new light on ancient Greek life.

The discovery was announced in Greece on Tuesday. The team spent more than 18 months excavating and documenting their findings, including numerous cultural artifacts and fine jewellery that may have contributed to our understanding of early Greek civilization.

University of Cincinnati (UC) archaeologists found a gold ring depicting two bulls surrounded by grain reels, which were identified as barley by a paleobotanist who consulted on the project.

A gold ring depicts bulls and barley, the first known representation of domesticated animals and agriculture in ancient Greece. (University of Cincinnati Classics Department)


“This is an interesting scene of animal breeding – cattle mixed with grain production,” UC archaeologist Jack Davis said in a statement. It is the foundation of Agriculture.” Quoth. “As far as we know, it is the only representation of grain in the art of Crete or Minoan civilization.”



There were also mythological creatures in some of the works. An agate seal stone contained two lion-like creatures called the genii, which stood upright on claw feet. According to UC archaeologist Sharon Stocker, they carry a service vase and an incense burner – a tribute to the altar before them, containing a sapling sprouting between the consecration horns.

A 16-pointed star is seen above the gene. The same star appears in a bronze and gold artifact from the Tomb, researchers said.

Stocker said in a statement, “rare. There are no 16-pointed stars in Mycenaean iconography. It is remarkable that we have two 16-point objects in two different media (agate and gold).”

UC archaeologists found a sealstone made from semiprecious carnelian in the family tombs at Pylos, Greece. The sealstone was engraved with two lionlike mythological figures called genii carrying serving vessels and incense burners facing each other over an altar and below a 16-pointed star. The other image is a putty cast of the sealstone. (University of Cincinnati Classics Department)

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