Egyptian pharaoh’s mummified body gives up its secrets after 3,500 years

Amenhotep I ‘unwrapped’ digitally by Cairo scientists, revealing details from his grave jewellery to his teeth

The sarcophagus of Amenhotep I, who ruled Egypt between roughly 1525 and 1504BC. Photograph: De Agostini Picture Library/Getty Images

Radiologist Sahar Saleem said that he physically resembles his father with his narrow chin, small nose and curly hair. Surprisingly for someone who lived about 3500 years ago, he also has surprisingly good teeth.

Saleem is talking about the mummified body of pharaoh Amenhotep I, a warrior king, which in modern times is a kind of enigma, since it is one of the few royal mummies that should not be unpacked.

So far, I mean. Saleem, a professor of radiology at the Cairo University school of medicine, is part of a team that has successfully solved Amenhotep I not physically, but digitally.

The results using 3D computed tomography (CT) scanning technology are unique and fascinating. They tell in detail about her appearance and the generosity of the jewels with which she was buried.

CT scanning showed that Amenhotep I had good teeth, unlike many royal mummies. Photograph: Dr Sahar Saleem/University of Cairo/PA

“We show that Amenhotep I was about 35 years old when he died,” Saleem said. “He was about 169 cm tall, he was circumcised and had beautiful teeth. She wore a unique gold belt with 30 amulets and gold beads inside her wraps.

“Amenhotep I physically resembled his father… he had a narrow jaw, a small narrow nose, curly hair and slightly protruding upper teeth.”

Saleem is the lead author of a study published Tuesday in the journal Frontiers in Medicine.

She said the fact that her teeth were so good was proof of how “amazing” the embalming process was. “The mummified bodies were well preserved. Even the tiny bones inside the ears were preserved. There is no doubt that Amenhotep’s teeth were well preserved. Many royal mummies had bad teeth, but Amenhotep’s teeth were beautiful.”

Amenhotep I, 18. he was the second king of the dynasty, and his father was I. After Ahmose’s death, he ascended the throne. He ruled Egypt for about 21 years, from 1525 to 1504 BC. dec.

The name means “Amun is pleased”. The name of his throne was Djeserkare – “The Spirit of the Holy Re” – and it seems that he had a peaceful reign, which allowed him to concentrate on administrative organization and the construction of temples. He may have ruled together with his mother, Ahmose-Nefertari.

Egyptologists believe that one of the deciphered hieroglyphs, Amenhotep, appeared in the 11th century BC. Century – 21. they know that it was opened by monks in order to repair the damage done by grave robbers – during the dynastic period.

It had also been alleged that they had taken her out of the package to reuse her royal burial equipment or steal her ornaments. Saleem said his findings refute these theories and show that priests have the best intentions.

The original tomb of Amenhotep I has never been found. 21 in Luxor in 1881. it was discovered in a well-known place where dynastic officials hid the mummies of kings and nobles to protect them from grave robbers.

His home is the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. The delphinium was not opened due to the beauty of the “perfect” linen wrappings and the painted fun

eral mask, which were covered with garlands of Egyptian river hemp and safflower.

‘Like unwrapping a gift’: Dr Sahar Saleem of Cairo University scanning the mummy. Photograph: Dr Sahar Saleem/University of Cairo/PA

When the coffin was first opened, a preserved wasp was found, which was probably affected by the smell of the garlands.

The research team discovered that unlike other kings such as Tutankhamun and Ramses II, Amenhotep’s brain was intact.

Saleem said the project was exciting, “like unpacking a gift”.

The team hoped to find evidence of how Amenhotep died, but this proved difficult.

“We have not found any wounds or disfigurement due to illness that would justify the cause of death, except for a large number of post-mortem mutilations, which were probably done by grave robbers after his first burial,” Saleem said. “His internal organs were taken by the first embalmers, but not his brain or heart.

“At least for Amenhotep I, 21. we show that the priests of the dynasty lovingly repaired the wounds inflicted by the grave robbers, restored the mummy to its former glory and preserved the magnificent jewelry and amulets on the spot.”

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