Nan Madol: Archaeologists Uncover Earliest Evidence of Chiefdom in Pacific

Nan Madol, an ancient administrative and the former capital of the Micronesian island of Pohnpei, was the earliest among the Pacific islands to be ruled by a single chief, according to an international team of archaeologists. An ancient city built atop a coral reef, Nan Madol has been uninhabited for centuries now. Located in the northwestern Pacific […]

Mega-Structures of Ukraine’s Trypillia Culture Served as Community Centers

Mega-structures of the Trypillia culture, which was part of the larger Cucuteni-Trypillia culture, were public buildings that served a variety of economic and political purposes, according to new research by archaeologists from Germany and Ukraine. Between 4100-3600 BCE, ‘giant-settlements’ with thousands of buildings arranged in a very specific layout emerged in a concentrated area in the […]

Mediterranean Sea for Clam Shells

Shell fishing was a common activity of Neanderthals, according to new research led by University of Colorado, Boulder archaeologists. In 1949, archaeologists working at the site of Grotta dei Moscerini, a cave in the Latium region of central Italy, found a large collection of unusual artifacts: 171 shells of the smooth clam (Callista chione) that Neanderthals had […]

Researchers Reconstruct Enigmatic Pre-Columbian Monument

The Pumapunku (Gateway of the Puma or Jaguar), a highly damaged pre-Columbian monument at the ancient archaeological site of Tiwanaku, Bolivia, has been reconstructed using 3D printed miniature models of architectural fragments. The ruins of Tiwanaku (500-950 CE) present an archaeological challenge owing to intense looting during the colonial period that effectively demolished the site. One building […]